|Spring house sampling near Valley Creek/Valley Forge|
|Fiddling with the filter assembly in one of the spring houses|
A few of the springs were down along stream banks, which required a little bit of trudging. This was also an opportunity for us to introduce Rachel (one of our undergrad researchers) to the type of fieldwork we'll be doing all summer.
|Collecting water samples in one of the more off-the-path spring locations|
The springs that weren't conveniently enclosed or dammed up in spring houses were often a bit more difficult to measure, as they tended to be little spring seeps along the stream banks. This got a bit tricky with some of our multiprobes.
|Dr. Toran attempts to find a deep enough pool for the pH logger|
Eventually the sun gave way to some storm clouds that decided to pass through the area. That didn't stop us, though!
|Rain never hurt anyone, although the lightning may have played havoc on the conductivity meter|
Basic analyses (alkalinity and ions) were run on the samples over the course of the next few days to compare with the Nittany Valley springs and determine some baseflow chemistry.
|Nothing like vaporizing water samples to 7,000 Kelvin to see what it's made of!|
The remainder of the samples are now on the way to a lab in Canada to analyze for rare earth elements (REE's), to determine their detection limits at baseflow conditions.
|Samples packed and ready to go. Next stop, Ontario. Bon voyage!|